A Refugee Massacre in the Xinjiang Borderlands

In an earlier post, we examined how the introduction of the draft – coupled with long-standing conflict between Central


Revolution and Refugees in Xinjiang

Thus far, we have only examined the impact of the March 1917 Revolution in European Russia and in the Sino-Russian frontier east of Baikal. Russia and China also shared a significant border in


Central Asia and the Bolshevik Revolution: A Look at the Balance Sheet at the Centennial

Although it happened thousands of miles away, and did not reflect any of the local political currents at work in 1917, the October Revolution had a profound impact on Central Asia.